Hydrogen peroxide distribution and neuronal cell death in a rat hippocampal slice

Nahoko Kasai, Chunxi Han, Keiichi Torimitsu

研究成果: Article査読

18 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), a by-product of a degenerative reaction of reactive oxygen species in mammalian cells, has been examined in association with the pathology of neurodegenerative disorders. In this study, we monitor the H2O2 release from a rat hippocampal slice culture at multiple positions using our novel electrochemical sensor array. The H2O2 sensor array is fabricated by modifying a 64-channel ITO electrode array with an enzyme, horseradish peroxidase, and an electron transfer mediator. A hippocampal slice is placed on the array and the current at each sensor is monitored using a multipotentiostat. When we introduce kainate (KA) into the solution to stimulate the slice, the H2O2 concentration remained largely unchanged. In contrast, in the presence of 3-amino-1,2,4-triazol (3-AT), a catalase inhibitor, we can observe a distinct increase in the H2O2 concentration as a result of KA stimulation especially in the CA3 region in the hippocampus. KA exposure is also shown to cause neuronal cell death in the CA3 region by Cresyl Violet staining. These results reveal that our H 2O2 sensor array can detect H2O2 released from neurons by KA stimulation under catalase inhibition and that this H2O2 is associated with neuronal cell death.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)746-750
ページ数5
ジャーナルSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
108
1-2 SPEC. ISS.
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2005 7 22
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 電子材料、光学材料、および磁性材料
  • 器械工学
  • 凝縮系物理学
  • 表面、皮膜および薄膜
  • 金属および合金
  • 電子工学および電気工学
  • 材料化学

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