Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), a by-product of a degenerative reaction of reactive oxygen species in mammalian cells, has been examined in association with the pathology of neurodegenerative disorders. In this study, we monitor the H2O2 release from a rat hippocampal slice culture at multiple positions using our novel electrochemical sensor array. The H2O2 sensor array is fabricated by modifying a 64-channel ITO electrode array with an enzyme, horseradish peroxidase, and an electron transfer mediator. A hippocampal slice is placed on the array and the current at each sensor is monitored using a multipotentiostat. When we introduce kainate (KA) into the solution to stimulate the slice, the H2O2 concentration remained largely unchanged. In contrast, in the presence of 3-amino-1,2,4-triazol (3-AT), a catalase inhibitor, we can observe a distinct increase in the H2O2 concentration as a result of KA stimulation especially in the CA3 region in the hippocampus. KA exposure is also shown to cause neuronal cell death in the CA3 region by Cresyl Violet staining. These results reveal that our H 2O2 sensor array can detect H2O2 released from neurons by KA stimulation under catalase inhibition and that this H2O2 is associated with neuronal cell death.
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