Fisch et al. find that GBP1 targets Toxoplasma vacuolar and parasite membranes for disruption of both membranes. In contrast, appearance of cytosolic Salmonella is GBP1 independent, but caspase-4 recruitment to bacteria and activation is GBP1 dependent. In a negative feedback loop, caspase-1 cleaves GBP1 and suppresses caspase-4-driven pyroptosis during Salmonella infection.
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