Histone deacetylase inhibitor restores surfactant protein-C expression in alveolar-epithelial type II cells and attenuates bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis in vivo

Chiharu Ota, Mitsuhiro Yamada, Naoya Fujino, Hozumi Motohashi, Yukiko Tando, Yusuke Takei, Takaya Suzuki, Toru Takahashi, Satoshi Kamata, Tomonori Makiguchi, Mutsuo Yamaya, Hiroshi Kubo

研究成果: Article査読

38 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Aim: Surfactant protein-C (SP-C) of alveolar epithelial type II cells (ATII) plays a key role in maintaining alveolar integrity and repair. Mutations or decreased expression of SFTPC, the gene encoding SP-C, causes ATII injury and aberrant repair of the lung tissue to develop pulmonary fibrosis. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) epigenetically remove acetyl groups from acetylated histones and regulate transcription. HDAC inhibitors attenuated epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and fibrotic disorders. The aim of this study is to investigate whether Trichostatin A (TSA), a pan-HDAC inhibitor, epigenetically exerts a protective effect on ATII against fibrotic changes via the restoration of SFTPC expression. Materials and Methods: We treated A549 cells with TGF-β1 to induce EMT, followed by TSA treatment. We evaluated SFTPC mRNA, histone acetylation levels in the SFTPC gene promoter region, and pro-SP-C protein. C57BL6/J mice were treated with intratracheal bleomycin instillation followed by TSA administration. Histological changes and Sftpc mRNA expression in isolated ATII were evaluated. Results: TGF-β1 treatment decreased SFTPC mRNA in A549 cells. TSA restored SFTPC mRNA, and increased histone H4 acetylation in the SFTPC promoter region in vitro. The administration of TSA partially attenuated BLM-induced pulmonary fibrosis and increased the Sftpc mRNA expression in isolated ATII from bleomycin-treated lungs in vivo. Conclusions: Decreased expression of SFTPC by TGF-β1 treatment was restored by TSA via hyperacetylation of histone H4 in the promoter region. TSA partially attenuated pulmonary fibrosis and increased Sftpc mRNA in ATII. Our findings suggest that the epigenetic restoration of SP-C would be a therapeutic target for pulmonary fibrosis.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)422-434
ページ数13
ジャーナルExperimental Lung Research
41
8
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2015 9 14

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 分子生物学
  • 呼吸器内科
  • 臨床生化学

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