The sulfidation and oxidation behavior of sputter-deposited Al-Mo, Al-Nb, Al-Ta and Al-W binary alloys has been investigated under isothermal-isobarometric conditions at the temperature ranging from 1073 to 1273 K. High temperature sulfidation was carried out in He-Sa atmosphere with sulfur vapor pressure kept constant at 1 kPa, and high temperature oxidation was carried out in Ar-O2 atmosphere with oxygen pressure fixed to 20 kPa. In sulfidation tests, these alloys showed superior high temperature sulfidation resistance to the known metallic materials, and the sulfidation rates of these alloys were comparable to those of refractory metals. The sulfide scales of these alloys were composed of bilayer, and it was revealed that the formation of the inner protective sulfide scale of refractory metal was responsible for the lower sulfidation rate of these alloys. The oxidation rates of these alloys were much lower than that of corresponding refractory metals, but higher than those of typical alumina-forming alloys because of the formation of refractory metal oxides or their double oxides with aluminum. keywords.
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