In order to boost the economics of biogas utilization in those small facilities for food waste (FW) digestion, proximate grease trap waste (GTW) was employed to co-digest with FW. A bench-scale continuous stirred tank reactor was set up and operated at mesophilic temperature to investigate the co-digestion limit and lipid/long chain fatty acid (LCFA) conversion by increasing lipid loading stepwise. Mixing FW and GTW at lipid/total solids (TS) 55%, where the lipid loading was 1.61 g/(L·d), was proved to be appropriate, and the maximum methane yield reached 68% higher than the mono-digestion of FW, with a similar lipid reduction at approximately 90%. In addition, since acetic acid accumulation above 100 mg HAc/L had been observed under the optimal loading, the threshold value for anaerobic co-digestion of FW and GTW was confined to the lipid loading around 1.61 g/(L·d). The rapid recovery strategy of mixing the inhibited sludge with fresh inoculum at 1:4 (V/V) took effect after process failure resulted from further increasing lipid/TS to 70%. Lipid/LCFA concentrations in the effluent rose with the increased lipid loading, while palmitic acid accounted for the most percentage among the residual LCFAs, as high as 73.7% at lipid/TS 55%. Acetoclastic methanogens played an important role in accelerating process conversion, due to the fact that raising GTW addition led to the increased methanogenic activity, with a value of 26.9 mL-CH4/(g-VS·d) at the optimal loading.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 化学 (全般)