We fabricated multilayer graphene directly on SiO2 by annealing of sputtered amorphous carbon under a catalyst layer without complicated transfer processes, and investigated the effects of the catalysts and the annealing ambient gases on obtaining large-grain, multilayer graphene. As a result, it was found that annealing conditions with a Co catalyst layer in a nitrogen gas atmosphere are important for increasing the ratio of oriented graphene sheets, corresponding to a lower resistivity of the film. Furthermore, it was confirmed that the multilayer graphene wire obtained by optimizing the growth conditions can sustain a high current density of 107 A/cm2, that is, the lifetime of the multilayer graphene wire is over two orders of magnitude longer than that of a Cu wire with the same current density; this current density is over one order of magnitude higher than the current density that can be carried by a Cu wire for the same lifetime.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)