Hidden diversity and phylogeographic history provide conservation insights for the edible seaweed Sargassum fusiforme in the Northwest Pacific

Zi Min Hu, Jing Jing Li, Zhong Min Sun, Xu Gao, Jian Ting Yao, Han Gil Choi, Hikaru Endo, De Lin Duan

研究成果: Article査読

22 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Understanding the evolutionary processes that have created diversity and the genetic potential of species to adapt to environmental change is an important premise for biodiversity conservation. Herein, we used mitochondrial trnW-L and cox3 and plastid rbcL-S data sets to analyze population genetic variation and phylogeographic history of the brown alga Sargassum fusiforme, whose natural resource has been largely exterminated in the Asia–Northwest Pacific in the past decades. Phylogenetic trees and network analysis consistently revealed three major haplotype groups (A, B, and C) in S. fusiforme, with A and B distributed in the Japan-Pacific coast. Group C consisted of three subgroups (C1, C2, and C3) which were distributed in the Sea of Japan, the Yellow–Bohai Sea, and East China Sea, respectively. Isolation-with-migration (IMa) analysis revealed that the three groups diverged approximately during the mid-Pleistocene (c. 756–1,224 ka). Extended Bayesian skyline plots (EBSP) showed that groups A and B underwent relatively long-term stable population size despite a subsequent rapid demographic expansion, while subgroups C2 and C3 underwent a sudden expansion at c. 260 ka. FST and AMOVA detected low population-level genetic variation and high degrees of divergence between groups. The cryptic diversity and phylogeographic patterns found in S. fusiforme not only are essential to understand how environmental shifts and evolutionary processes shaped diversity and distribution of coastal seaweeds but also provide additional insights for conserving and managing seaweed resources and facilitate predictions of their responses to future climate change and habitat loss.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)366-378
ページ数13
ジャーナルEvolutionary Applications
10
4
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2017 4月 1
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生態、進化、行動および分類学
  • 遺伝学
  • 農業および生物科学(全般)

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