YLiF4 (YLF) single crystals undoped and Yb3+-doped with different concentrations were grown by the Czochralski technique under CF4 atmosphere. Detailed analysis of Yb3+-doped YLF spectroscopy were made to contribute to the determination of energy levels in this host. We are dealing with temperature and concentration dependences of both π and σ polarizations of the infrared (IR) absorption and emission spectra. Raman spectra were also used to give an attempt of interpretation of electronic and vibronic levels. The radiative energy transfer (self-trapping) and strong phonon-electron coupling make the assignment of Yb3+ energy levels difficult. Evaluation of the laser potentiality of this fluoride host is also presented.
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