Functional physiology of the human terminal antrum defined by highresolution electrical mapping and computational modeling

Rachel Berry, Taimei Miyagawa, Niranchan Paskaranandavadivel, Peng Du, Timothy R. Angeli, Mark L. Trew, John A. Windsor, Yohsuke Imai, Gregory O’Grady, Leo K. Cheng

研究成果: Article査読

36 被引用数 (Scopus)


High-resolution (HR) mapping has been used to study gastric slowwave activation; however, the specific characteristics of antral electrophysiology remain poorly defined. This study applied HR mapping and computational modeling to define functional human antral physiology. HR mapping was performed in 10 subjects using flexible electrode arrays (128-192 electrodes; 16-24 cm2) arranged from the pylorus to mid-corpus. Anatomical registration was by photographs and anatomical landmarks. Slow-wave parameters were computed, and resultant data were incorporated into a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model of gastric flow to calculate impact on gastric mixing. In all subjects, extracellular mapping demonstrated normal aboral slow-wave propagation and a region of increased amplitude and velocity in the prepyloric antrum. On average, the high-velocity region commenced 28 mm proximal to the pylorus, and activation ceased 6 mm from the pylorus. Within this region, velocity increased 0.2 mm/s per mm of tissue, from the mean 3.3 ± 0.1 mm/s to 7.5 ± 0.6 mm/s (P < 0.001), and extracellular amplitude increased from 1.5 ± 0.1 mV to 2.5 ± 0.1 mV (P < 0.001). CFD modeling using representative parameters quantified a marked increase in antral recirculation, resulting in an enhanced gastric mixing, due to the accelerating terminal antral contraction. The extent of gastric mixing increased almost linearly with the maximal velocity of the contraction. In conclusion, the human terminal antral contraction is controlled by a short region of rapid high-amplitude slow-wave activity. Distal antral wave acceleration plays a major role in antral flow and mixing, increasing particle strain and trituration.

ジャーナルAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
出版ステータスPublished - 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生理学
  • 肝臓学
  • 消化器病学
  • 生理学(医学)


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