Two-dimensional electron or hole gases (2DEG or 2DHG) are confined at the same interface in an undoped heterostructure by an electric field generated by a top gate. The combination of ion-implanted ohmic regions, an undoped heterostructure with superlattice barriers, and a metal gate is used to fabricate structures by a conventional process without self-alignment. High-quality 2DEG and 2DHG with a carrier density up to 8×1011 cm-2 are formed with a small gate leakage current. Switching between 2DEG and 2DHG at the same heterointerface is achieved by changing the sign of the gate voltage.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)