The liquid crystalline (LC) order was introduced on aluminum nitride particles by the surface effect to increase the thermal conductivities of aluminum nitride/LC epoxy composites. X-ray diffraction and grazing incidence small-angle X-ray scattering analyses revealed that the LC epoxy resin cured on the surface of an α-Al2O3 substrate formed homeotropically aligned smectic layers to increase the thermal conductivity. Therefore, thermally treated aluminum nitride particles, which formed α-Al2O3 layers on their surfaces, were applied to prepare the composites with high thermal conductivity. The thermal conductivities of the resulting composites were 11–36% higher than those with the composites prepared using untreated aluminum nitride particles.
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