The plant root-associated environments such as the rhizosphere, rhizoplane, and endosphere are different from the outer soil region (bulk soil). They establish characteristic conditions including microbiota, metabolites, and minerals, and they can directly affect plant growth and development. However, comprehensive insights into those characteristic environments, especially the rhizosphere, and molecular mechanisms of their formation are not well understood. In the present study, we investigated the spatiotemporal dynamics of the root-associated environment in actual field conditions by multi-omics analyses (mineral, microbiome, and transcriptome) of soybean plants. Mineral and microbiome analyses demonstrated a characteristic rhizosphere environment in which most of the minerals were highly accumulated and bacterial communities were distinct from those in the bulk soil. Mantel’s test and co-abundance network analysis revealed that characteristic community structures and dominant bacterial taxa in the rhizosphere significantly interact with mineral contents in the rhizosphere, but not in the bulk soil. Our field multi-omics analysis suggests a rhizosphere-specific close association between the microbiota and mineral environment.
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