Ferromagnetism in 2212 phase Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O nano-superconductors

Malik A. Baqiya, Henry Widodo, Lidya Rochmawati, Darminto, Tadashi Adachi, Yoji Koike

研究成果: Chapter

12 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Superconductors are characterized by zero resistance and Meissner effect. At below critical temperature (Tc), these materials exhibit diamagnetic properties. On the other hand, materials in nano-crystal size have specific properties that differ from bulk state. Nanomaterials are characterized by surface effect which influences physical and chemical properties of the materials. Combining these two mayor fields, it can be obtained superconductors in nano-crystal size (below 200 nm) using simple method (called as nano-superconductors). Generally, ceramic-oxides in nano-crystal size, even in cuprate-superconductors, may have ferromagnetic behavior at room temperature. In this research, Bi and Bi,Pbbased nano-superconductors synthesized by wet mixing technique have Tc ~80 K for 2212 (Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8-δ and Bi1,6Pb0,4Sr2CaCu2O8-δ) phases. They also exhibit ferromagnetism effect and hysteresis curve although at well above Tc. This is unusual phenomenon because superconductor materials are generally diamagnetic at below Tc and paramagnetic at normal state. This phenomenon is possibly due to magnetic moments which may possibly come from oxygen vacancies of the nanoparticles surface.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルAIP Conference Proceedings
ページ260-263
ページ数4
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2011 11月 1

出版物シリーズ

名前AIP Conference Proceedings
番号1
1454
ISSN(印刷版)0094-243X
ISSN(電子版)1551-7616

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 物理学および天文学(全般)

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