Background: Although late gadolinium enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (LGE-MRI) allows the identification of lesions and gaps after a cryothermal balloon (CB) ablation of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF), the accuracy has not yet been well established. Methods: The subjects consisted of 10 consecutive patients who underwent a second ablation procedure among our cohort of 80 patients who underwent LGE-MRI after the CB ablation of PAF. LGE-MRI scar regions were compared with electroanatomical mapping during the second procedure. In the analysis, the unilateral pulmonary vein (PV) antrum was divided into 7 regions. Results: The gap characterization analysis was performed in 140 regions around 40 PVs in total. There were 16 LGE-MRI gaps around 11 PVs (mean 1.6 ± 1.4 gaps/patient) in 7 patients and 14 electrical gaps around 10 PVs in 8 patients (mean 1.4 ± 1.1 gaps/patient). The locations of 13 electrical gaps were well matched to that on the LGE-MRI, whereas the remaining 1 electrical gap had not been predicted on the LGE-MRI. Compared to the electrical gaps in the second procedure, the sensitivity and specificity of the LGE-MRI gaps were 93% (13 LGE-MRI gaps of 14 electrical gaps) and 98% (123 LGE-MRI scars out of 126 electrical scars), respectively. Conclusion: LGE-MRI can accurately localize the lesion gaps after CB ablation of PAF.
ASJC Scopus subject areas