We examined modulation by nitric oxide (NO) of sympathetic neurotransmitter release and vasoconstriction in the isolated pump-perfused rat kidney. Electrical renal nerve stimulation (RNS; 1 and 2 Hz) increased renal perfusion pressure and renal norepinephrine (NE) efflux. Nonselective NO synthase (NOS) inhibitors [Nω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) or Nω-nitro-L-arginine], but not a selective neuronal NO synthase inhibitor (7-nitroindazole sodium salt), suppressed the NE efflux response and enhanced the perfusion pressure response. Pretreatment with L-arginine prevented the effects of L-NAME on the RNS-induced responses. 2-(4-Carboxyphenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazoline-1-oxyl-3-oxide (carboxy-PTIO), which eliminates NO by oxidizing it to NO2, suppressed the NE efflux response, whereas the perfusion pressure response was less susceptible to carboxy-PTIO. 8-Bromoguanosine cGMP suppressed and a guanylate cyclase inhibitor [4H-8-bromo-1,2,4-oxadiazolo(3,4-d)benz(b)(1,4)oxazin-1-one] enhanced the RNS-induced perfusion pressure response, but neither of these drugs affected the NE efflux response. These results suggest that endogenous NO facilitates the NE release through cGMP-independent mechanisms, NO metabolites formed after NO2 rather than NO itself counteract the vasoconstriction, and neuronal NOS does not contribute to these modulatory mechanisms in the sympathetic nervous system of the rat kidney.
|ジャーナル||American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)