Fabrication of LiCoO2 crystal layers using a flux method and their application for additive-free lithium-ion rechargeable battery cathodes

Yusuke Mizuno, Nobuyuki Zettsu, Kunio Yubuta, Takuya Sakaguchi, Toshiya Saito, Hajime Wagata, Shuji Oishi, Katsuya Teshima

研究成果: Article査読

24 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Higher performance active materials containing cathodes have been strongly required for the achievement of advanced lithium-ion rechargeable batteries. We report the formation of a densely packed and idiomorphic LiCoO2 crystal layer directly on a substrate surface using flux coating with a LiNO3-LiOH mixed flux and their applications as an additive-free cathode to enhance gravimetric energy density per single cell as well as durability. The formation mechanism of LiCoO2 nanocrystals from high temperature melt of the mixed flux was controlled under evolution selection growth, driven by supersaturation. The as-grown crystals formed a petal-shape with well-developed {001} faces. After annealing treatment, the crystal shape transformed into hexagonal plates with vertical orientation. The hexagonal plate-shaped crystal arrays were identified to be homogeneous LiCoO2 having a rhombohedral crystal system. Their lattice parameters were a = 0.2784 and c = 1.4248 nm, and the Li/Co ratio in the crystals was 1.00. Furthermore, transmission electron microscopic images and selected area electron diffraction patterns revealed that the interface between the crystal layer and the substrate was smoothly connected and free of impurities. In fact, the LiCoO2 nanoplate layer exhibited desirable properties such as a large discharge capacity close to its theoretical value, higher rate performance, and high cyclability over 500 cycles with no assistance of additional electroconductive materials and binders, meaning that the interfaces provide seamless charge transportation pathways.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)1882-1887
ページ数6
ジャーナルCrystal Growth and Design
14
4
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2014 4 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 化学 (全般)
  • 材料科学(全般)
  • 凝縮系物理学

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