In this study, an inexpensive and abundant FeO x -based catalyst was developed as a three-way catalyst (TWC). The deactivation associated with the fusion and aggregation of metallic iron under high-temperature reducing conditions was solved by the formation of FeO x -ZrO 2 nanostructures. Furthermore, high dispersibility of FeO x in the nanostructures and multiple pores were successfully formed using a supercritical CO 2 drying. As a result, the oxygen storage capacity of the FeO x increased dramatically and high stability was obtained. In a TWC reactivity evaluation, the FeZr-TWC showed a high performance similar to that of the commercially available CeO 2 -based TWC. Even after aging treatment for 20 h at 1000 °C under a 10 vol% steam condition, an NO x (T 80 , NOx ) conversion of greater than 80% was successfully achieved, whereas it was not achieved by the standard TWC. Therefore, the FeZr nanostructures are expected to have sufficient capacity to replace the conventional CeO 2 -based TWCs.
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