Extractability of manganese and iron oxides in typical Japanese soils by 0.5 mol L-1 hydroxylamine hydrochloride (pH 1.5)

Aomi Suda, Tomoyuki Makino, Teruo Higashi

研究成果: Article査読

8 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

We investigated the extractability of manganese (Mn) and iron (Fe) oxides from typical Japanese soils (Entisols, Inceptisols, and Andisols) by 0.5 mol L-1 hydroxylamine hydrochloride (NH2OH-HCl) extraction (pH 1.5; 16 h shaking at 25°C; soil:solution ratio 1:40), referred as to HHmBCR, which is Step 2 (used for the reducible fraction) of the modified BCR (Community Bureau of Reference) sequential extraction procedure. The HHmBCR procedure extracted almost all Mn oxides from the non-Andisol samples, but failed to extract a part of the Mn oxides from some Andisol samples. The procedure extracted most short-range ordered Fe oxides from non-Andisol samples, but it extracted only 7.5% and 13% of the short-range ordered Fe oxides from allophanic and non-allophanic Andisol samples, respectively. This remarkably low extractability of Fe oxides suggests that the HHmBCR method is not suitable for extracting oxide-occluded heavy metals from Andisols. Since the extraction rate of short-range ordered Fe oxides from various soils with the extractant was negatively correlated with the amounts of oxalate- and pyrophosphate-extractable Al even when the variability of the extraction pH was reduced by increasing the soil:solution ratio from 1:40 to 1:500, the extractability of Fe oxides would be negatively affected by the presence of active Al, including allophane/imogolite, amorphous Al, and Al-humus complexes. Because these Al constituents are abundant in Andisols, they would be at least partially responsible for the lower extractability of Fe oxides by HHmBCR from Andisols.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)684-695
ページ数12
ジャーナルSoil Science and Plant Nutrition
58
6
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2012 12
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 土壌科学
  • 植物科学

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