Fluorescence spectra and electrofluorescence spectra (plots of the electric field-induced change in fluorescence intensity as a function of wavelength) have been measured at different temperatures for pyrene butyric acid (PBA) in a PMMA film at different concentrations. At a low concentration of 0.5 mol % where fluorescence emitted from the locally excited state of PBA (LE fluorescence) is dominant, LE fluorescence spectra show only the Stark shift in the presence of an electric field (F), which results from the difference in molecular polarizability between the ground and emitting states. At a high concentration of 10 mol % where the socalled sandwich-type excimer fluorescence (EX(1)) is dominant, both EX(1) and LE fluorescence are quenched by F. Another fluorescence assigned to a partially overlapped excimer (EX(2)) also exists at room temperature, and this emission is enhanced by F. As the temperature decreases, three fluorescence emissions whose electric field effects are different from each other become clear besides EX(1) and LE fluorescence, indicating that at least five fluorescence components exist at high concentrations at low temperatures. At a medium concentration of 5 mol % where EX(1) is comparable in intensity to the LE fluorescence, the intensity of EX(1) is not affected by F at any temperature, but LE fluorescence and EX(2) are markedly influenced by F at room temperature, and four fluorescence emissions are confirmed at low temperatures.
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