Objective:Exercise training has antihypertensive and renoprotective effects in humans and rats. However, the effects of exercise training on renal disorders that occur with salt-sensitive hypertension remains unclear. The study aim was to investigate the effects and mechanisms of exercise training on renal function in a rat model of salt-sensitive hypertension.Methods:Six-week-old male Dahl salt-sensitive rats were divided into normal-salt (0.6% NaCl) diet, high-salt (8% NaCl) diet, and high-salt diet with exercise training groups. The high-salt diet with exercise training group underwent daily treadmill running for 8 weeks.Results:The high-salt diet induced severe hypertension and renal dysfunction. Exercise training significantly improved high-salt diet-induced urinary protein, albumin, and l-type fatty acid-binding protein excretion, and glomerulosclerosis but not renal interstitial fibrosis without changing blood pressure. Exercise training significantly attenuated high-salt diet-induced oxidative stress in the kidneys and decreased high-salt diet-stimulated xanthine oxidoreductase activity but not nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase activity. The high-salt diet did not change urinary excretion of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid and decreased cytochrome P450 4A protein expression in the kidneys. Exercise training increased urinary 20-hydoroxyeicosatetraenoic acid excretion and renal cytochrome P450 4A protein expression.Conclusion:Exercise training improved renal disorders without lowering blood pressure in Dahl salt-sensitive rats. Exercise training also decreased oxidative stress and increased 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid production in the kidneys. These results suggest that improvements in oxidative stress and 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid production may be potential mechanisms by which exercise training improved renal disorders in Dahl salt-sensitive rats.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine