In the electro-hydrodynamic systems of nematic liquid crystals with free and rigid boundaries and a small aspect ratio, the pattern evolution process on applying the stepwise ac voltage was studied. The convective rolls appeared at the both lateral sides of the system, and evolved toward the center. It was found that the pattern is selected through the phase jump. The pattern in the free lateral boundary cell had more flexibility than in the rigid lateral boundary cell. The interactions between the two subsystems separated by free lateral boundary and the selection of the pattern were studied. It was found that the evolution and the selection of the pattern in a subsystem were affected by those in the other subsystem through the free boundary.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)