Purpose: The assessment of retinal nerve fiber layer defects (RNFLDs) is a useful part of glaucoma care. Here, we obtained en-face images of retinal layers below the inner limiting membrane (ILM) with swept source-optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT), and measured RNFLD angle with new software. Methods: This study included 105 eyes of 105 normal tension glaucoma (NTG) patients (age, 59.8 ± 13.2). Exclusion criteria were best-corrected visual acuity < 0.5, axial length > 28 mm, non-glaucoma ocular disease, and systemic disease affecting the visual field. We obtained 12 x 9 mm 3D volume scans centered on the macula with SS-OCT (DRI OCT-1, Topcon), and from these scans, created 3 averaged en-face images, each comprising 7 horizontal en-face images (total thickness: 18.2 μm). We labeled these averaged images, according to their depth below the ILM, as en-face images 1 (shallowest), 2 (middle) and 3 (deepest). In each image, a circle was drawn centered on the disc, with a radius of half the distance between the centers of the disc and macula. The investigator marked points where the edge of the RNFLD intersected this circle, and RNFLD angle (RNFLDA) was calculated with new software. Finally, we analyzed the association between RNFLDA, cpRNFLT, weighted RGC count (wrgc) and Humphrey field analyzer (HFA)-measured mean deviation (MD) and hemifield total deviation (TD), both overall and in each hemifield. Results En-face image 2 had the highest interclass reproducibility for measuring RNFLDA (intra-rater intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC): 0.988, inter-rater ICC: 0.962). The correlation coefficients with RNFLDA were: HFA MD, -0.60; superior TD, -0.73; inferior TD, -0.69; overall cpRNFLT, -0.27; superior hemifield cpRNFLT, -0.39; and inferior hemifield cpRNFLT, -0.53 (all p<0.001). Conclusions RNFLDA measured in SS-OCT images had high reproducibility and was correlated to glaucoma severity. Our new method may be a valuable future part of glaucoma care.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)