In this study, we evaluated whether proliferative activity and metastatic potential are prognostic factors in adenocarcinoma of the cervix. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections from 34 patients with cervical adenocarcinoma or adenosquamous carcinoma were immunostained with monoclonal antibody MIB1, expressed in proliferating cells, and anti-nm23 antibody, reacts with metastasis suppression gene products. MIB1 positivity ranged from 0.2-54.7% with a mean of 21.4%. The level did not differ significantly between various clinicopathological categories. Although patient survival of high or low MIB1 expressing tumor was not significantly different, the disease-free interval of high (≧25%) expressing tumor was significantly lower than that of low (<25%) expressing tumor. Strong and medium expression for nm23 were detected in 7 (21%) and 3 (9%) of patients. Tumor with strong nm23 expression tended to have a higher relapse rate. Although the survival of strong and weakly nm23 expressing tumor was not significantly different, the disease-free survival of strong nm23 expressing tumor was lower than that of weakly nm23 expressing tumor. MIB1 and nm23 immunostaining might be some of prognostic indicators of recurrence in cervical adenocarcinoma. In cervical adenocarcinoma, the nm23 gene products may not function as metastatic suppression but reflect proliferative activity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)