Estrogen production in endometriosis and use of aromatase inhibitors to treat endometriosis

S. E. Bulun, K. Zeitoun, K. Takayama, L. Noble, D. Michael, E. Simpson, A. Johns, M. Putman, H. Sasano

研究成果: Article査読

114 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Estrogen is the most important known factor that stimulates the growth of endometriosis. Estrogen delivery to endometriotic implants was classically viewed to be only via the circulating blood in an endocrine fashion. We recently uncovered an autocrine positive feedback mechanism, which favored the continuous production of estrogen and prostaglandin (PG)E2 in the endometriotic stromal cells. The enzyme, aromatase, is aberrantly expressed in endometriotic stromal cells and catalyzes the conversion of C19 steroids to estrogens, which then stimulate cyclooxygenase-2 to increase the levels of PGE2. PGE2, in turn, is a potent inducer of aromatase activity in endometriotic stromal cells. Aromatase is not expressed in the eutopic endometrium. Aromatase expression in endometriosis and its inhibition in eutopic endometrium are controlled by the competitive binding of a stimulatory transcription factor, steroidogenic factor-1, and an inhibitory factor, chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter-transcription factor to a regulatory element in the aromatase P450 gene promoter. In addition, we find that endometriotic tissue is deficient in 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2, which is normally expressed in eutopic endometrial glandular cells and inactivates estradiol-17β to estrone. This deficiency is another aberration that favors higher levels of estradiol-17β in endometriotic tissues in comparison with the eutopic endometrium. The clinical relevance of local aromatase expression in endometriosis was exemplified by the successful treatment of an unusually aggressive form of recurrent endometriosis in a postmenopausal woman using an aromatase inhibitor.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)293-301
ページ数9
ジャーナルEndocrine-Related Cancer
6
2
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 1999 6

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 内分泌学、糖尿病および代謝内科学
  • 腫瘍学
  • 内分泌学
  • 癌研究

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