Essential residues, W177 and R198, of LukF for phosphatidylcholine-binding and pore-formation by staphylococcal γ-hemolysin on human erythrocyte membranes

Naota Monma, Vananh T. Nguyen, Jun Kaneko, Hideo Higuchi, Yoshiyuki Kamio

    研究成果: Article査読

    25 被引用数 (Scopus)

    抄録

    LukF and Hlg2 of staphylococcal γ-hemolysin assemble into hetero-oligomeric pores on human red blood cells (HRBC). Here, we demonstrate, using a single-molecule imaging technique, that a W177T/R198T mutant of LukF, which exhibits no binding activity toward phosphatidylcholine, could form intermediate oligomers with Hlg2, including dimers, tetramers, and hexamer/heptamers, on HRBC. But, the mutant neither caused K+ efflux nor lysed HRBC, indicating that functional pores were not formed. Hence, we conclude that the W177 and R198 residues are essential for proper pore-formation by staphylococcal γ-hemolysin. We also suggest that the interaction between the W177 and R198 residues, and phosphatidylcholine on membranes is the key to the formation of functional pores.

    本文言語English
    ページ(範囲)427-431
    ページ数5
    ジャーナルJournal of biochemistry
    136
    4
    DOI
    出版ステータスPublished - 2004 10月

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • 生化学
    • 分子生物学

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