Grifola frondosa is an edible mushroom consumed as a health food and/or traditional medicine in Asia. However, the anti-allergic effects of G. frondosa are not yet understood. In this study, we demonstrated the effects of G. frondosa extract (GFE) on IgE-mediated allergic responses, using antigen-stimulated RBL-2H3 cells. Three active compounds: ergosterol, 6β-methoxyergosta-7,22-dien-3β,5α-diol (MEDD), and 6-oxoergosta-7,22-dien-3β-ol (6-OXO) were isolated from GFE and shown to inhibit the antigen-induced release of β-hexosaminidase and histamine. Among the three active components, we focused on ergosterol because of its high content in GFE. Ergosterol inhibited the aggregation of high-affinity IgE receptor (FcεRI), which is the first step in the activation of mast cells and antigen-induced tyrosine phosphorylation. Furthermore, ergosterol suppressed antigen-increased IL-4 and TNF-α mRNA. Taken together, our findings suggest that G. frondosa, including ergosterol and its derivatives as active components, has the potential to be a novel functional food that prevents type I allergies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Biology
- Organic Chemistry