Using c-Ha-, c-Ki-, and c-N-ras-specific probes in a RNA-RNA hybridization assay we found enhanced expression of c-Ha-ras protooncogene in stomach adenocarcinomas relative to nonneoplastic epithelium, whereas little or no transcription of either c-Ki- or c-N-ros was detected. Enhanced levels of c-Ha-ras RNA expression were detected in all of the adenocarcinomas examined. Hybridization with c-Ha-ras was also detected in nonneoplastic gastric epithelium adjacent to carcinoma, although the labeling was less intense than that of carcinoma cells. More extensive analysis of the c-Ha-ras p21 expression was then carried out in formalinfixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections and extracts from surgically resected stomach tissues using monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) RAP-5 and Y13-259. The data obtained from the immunohistochemical studies were consistent with the results of in situ hybridization assay. Adenocarcinomas were much more reactive with MAb RAP-5 than benign and normal tissues, and the majority of carcinomas demonstrated increased expression of c-Ha-ras p21. Quantitative liquid competition radioimmunoassays using MAb Y13-259 also demonstrated significantly higher levels of c-Ha-ras p21 in extracts from stomach adenocarcinomas than those from normal mucosae. No strict correlation was found between ras p21 expression and the degree of tumor differentiation or histological type. Although advanced carcinomas generally demonstrated higher levels of ras p21 than early carcinomas, no correlation among advanced carcinomas and ras p21 levels was observed in relation to depth of tumor invasion to the muscularis propria, subserosa, or serosa. Benign lesions, in comparison, were much less reactive with MAb RAP-5 than carcinomas. Among the benign lesions tested, dysplastic lesions were more reactive than nondysplastic lesions. Normal stomach mucosa was generally nonreactive with the exception of parietal cells. Our results indicate that transformation of the stomach mucosa from benign to malignant phenotype is associated with an increase in c-Ha-ras p21 expression.
|出版ステータス||Published - 1987 3|
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