Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is the most common genetic cause of kidney failure in humans. Among the various PKD-related molecules, PKD2L1 forms cation channels, but its physiological importance is obscure. In the present study, we established a transgenic mouse line by overexpressing the dominant-negative form of the mouse PKD2L1 gene (i.e., lacking the pore-forming domain). The resulting PKD2L1del-Tg mice exhibited supraventricular premature contraction, as well as enhanced sensitivity to β-adrenergic stimulation and unstable R-R intervals in electrocardiography. During spontaneous atrial contraction, PKD2L1del-Tg atria showed enhanced sensitivity to isoproterenol, norepinephrine, and epinephrine. Action potential recording revealed a shortened action potential duration in PKD2L1del-Tg atria in response to isoproterenol. These findings indicated increased adrenergic sensitivity in PKD2L1del-Tg mice, suggesting that PKD2L1 is involved in sympathetic regulation.
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