Energy-efficient Convolution Module with Flexible Bit-adjustment Method and ADC Multiplier Architecture for Industrial IoT

Tao Li, Yitao Ma, Ko Yoshikawa, Osamu Nomura, Tetsuo Endoh

研究成果: Article査読


Offloading the unprecedented growing data to the edge exhibits a mainstream trend in the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) era, delivering far-reaching impacts in all aspects of our daily lives, including transportation, healthcare, and entertainment. However, voluminous data analyses and processing at the edge will unavoidably raise the edge processor's burden and dramatically expand its design complexity and energy dissipation. This study proposes a flexible bit-adjustment-based energy-efficient convolution module with an approximate divide-and-conquer (ADC) multiplier for compact and low-power edge processor design. The maximum distribution search technique is utilized to exploit the optimal fixed-point representation format for both input and output of the convolution module. The neural network manifests the same precision as a 32-bit floating-point multiplication deploying the determined representation formats. An ADC multiplier is proposed to realize the convolution module by eliminating the high-bit multiplication between weights and feature maps. The dynamic power consumption of the ADC multiplier-based convolution module with the Q(6, 9) input and Q(7, 8) output representation formats is 3.85% lower than that of the 16-bit signed multiplication circuit. Furthermore, the dynamic power consumption with Q(6, 9) input is capable of being decreased by 15.38% for the 16-bit convolution if the output is represented by the Q(1, 14) format and by up to 39.93% for the 64-bit multiplication. The practical verification system of the convolution module working on a field-programmable gate array evaluation board exhibits an outstanding low-power characteristic.

ジャーナルIEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
出版ステータスAccepted/In press - 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 制御およびシステム工学
  • 情報システム
  • コンピュータ サイエンスの応用
  • 電子工学および電気工学


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