The biologically interesting marine meroterpenoids (–)-siphonodictyal B and (+)-8-epi-siphonodictyal B were efficiently synthesized in 29–40 % overall yield in a longest linear sequence of 11 steps, starting from commercially available (+)-sclareolide. The synthesis involved the following crucial steps: (i) stereodivergent hydrogenation of a homoallylic decalin alcohol to install the requisite C8 stereogenic centre present in the decalin fragments; (ii) coupling of the decalin fragments with an aromatic moiety to assemble the desired carbon skeletons; and (iii) deprotection from multiple O-protective groups on the aromatic ring to complete the project synthesis. Both (–)-siphonodictyal B and (+)-8-epi-siphonodictyal B showed PI3Kα inhibitory activity, with potencies comparable to that of liphagal, a naturally occurring PI3Kα inhibitor. New structure–activity relationships for this class of marine meroterpenoids were also revealed.
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