The properties of the recently synthesised dizincocene Zn2(η5-C5Me5) 2 have been studied by ab initio calculations using plane wave based density functional theory. The calculated geometry agrees well with single crystal X-ray measurements. Every methyl group is similarly oriented with one CH bond pointed away from the core approximately in a plane containing the configuration axis. The C5Me5 ligand is dished outwards. The Zn-Zn axis is not quite perpendicular to or pointed exactly at the C5 ring centers. The top and bottom C5 rings are not parallel but tilted a few degrees with respect to each other. In the central Zn-Zn bond there is less charge, indicated by isometric total charge density surfaces, than between ligand and metal atom. This metal-metal bond has σ- and π-components with the σ-bond mainly s-, with small pz- and dz 2-components and the π-bond with px-, py-, dzx-, dyz-components. The π*-lumo orbital is especially interesting because the excited state charge is confined to a disk-like shape because of Pauli repulsion from the methyl groups. The electron localization function (ELF) has distinctive features. In the region of the dizinc central bond, the valence basin has toroidal and central ellipsoid components (ELF > 0.5) found in the zincous dication Zn2 2 +. The valence basins of the C-C bonds of the C5 ring are displaced slightly parallel to the major axis away from the central region, this effect along with geometric dishing is tentatively assigned as due to a small change in hybridization of ring carbon atoms due to loss of aromaticity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry