TY - JOUR

T1 - Electron theory calculation of thermodynamic properties of steels and its application to theoretical phase diagram of the fe-mo-b ternary system

AU - ENOKI, Masanori

AU - TAKAHASHI, Kota

AU - MITOMI, Soei

AU - OHTANI, Hiroshi

N1 - Funding Information:
The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support
Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan.

PY - 2020/12/15

Y1 - 2020/12/15

N2 - In this study, the ground structures of the Fe-Mo-B ternary systems were estimated by first-principles calculations based on genetic algorithm, and the free energies of their structures are evaluated by electronic calculations and statistical thermodynamic techniques. In addition, the phase diagram at finite temperature was theoretically constructed using the calculated free energies, and the result was compared with the experimental knowledge. The space groups and compositions of many ground structures obtained by the calculations correspond well with the experimental findings, but the agreement is not perfect. However, by including metastable structures by only a few kJ/mol than the ground state, it becomes clear that the appearance of almost all structures can be predicted based on this technique. The new calculation technique of such theoretical phase diagrams suggested in the present study is expected to open up the possibility of estimation of unknown phase diagram, reexamination of experimental phase diagrams and discovery of new phases. On the other hand, examining the calculation conditions for improving the accuracy of energy calculation, consideration of the anharmonicity of atomic vibration, magnetic entropy effect, handling of solid solution, etc. are mentioned as problems requiring further consideration.

AB - In this study, the ground structures of the Fe-Mo-B ternary systems were estimated by first-principles calculations based on genetic algorithm, and the free energies of their structures are evaluated by electronic calculations and statistical thermodynamic techniques. In addition, the phase diagram at finite temperature was theoretically constructed using the calculated free energies, and the result was compared with the experimental knowledge. The space groups and compositions of many ground structures obtained by the calculations correspond well with the experimental findings, but the agreement is not perfect. However, by including metastable structures by only a few kJ/mol than the ground state, it becomes clear that the appearance of almost all structures can be predicted based on this technique. The new calculation technique of such theoretical phase diagrams suggested in the present study is expected to open up the possibility of estimation of unknown phase diagram, reexamination of experimental phase diagrams and discovery of new phases. On the other hand, examining the calculation conditions for improving the accuracy of energy calculation, consideration of the anharmonicity of atomic vibration, magnetic entropy effect, handling of solid solution, etc. are mentioned as problems requiring further consideration.

KW - Fe-Mo-B

KW - First-principles calculation

KW - Phase diagram

KW - Thermodynamics

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U2 - 10.2355/isijinternational.ISIJINT-2020-189

DO - 10.2355/isijinternational.ISIJINT-2020-189

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85098210914

VL - 60

SP - 2963

EP - 2972

JO - Transactions of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan

JF - Transactions of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan

SN - 0915-1559

IS - 12

ER -