The electrical properties of Nb-doped SrTi O3 ceramics with and without excess Ti O2 were investigated for anodes and interconnects of SOFCs by a dc four-probe conductivity measurement. The microstructures and the grain boundary properties were revealed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, SEM-electron backscatter diffraction pattern-orientation imaging microscopy, and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. It was found that the conductivity of Nb-doped SrTi O3 polycrystal was semiconductor-like with positive temperature coefficient while the single crystal and the polycrystal with excess Ti O2 showed the conductivity with negative temperature coefficient-like metals at SOFCs operating temperatures. The Ti O2 second phases was found in the polycrystal materials with excess Ti O2. No grain boundary segregation was found, and the excess Ti O2 was found to stay at the triple grain junctions. The grain-boundary orientation was found mostly random either with or without excess Ti O2. These results suggest that the excess Ti O2 reduces the influence of the grain boundary on the conduction.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry