External electric field effects on absorption and fluorescence spectra of 1,3,6,8-tetrakis(trimethylsilyl)pyrene and 1,3,6,8- tetrakis(trimethylsilylethynyl)pyrene (TMSPy and TMS(E)Py, respectively) have been examined in a poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) film at various concentrations at various temperatures. TMS(E)Py preferentially forms an aggregate in a PMMA film, as the concentration increases, indicating that the acetylenic groups enhance the π-π interactions between pyrene molecules. The change in molecular polarizability following excitation has been determined both for the monomer and for the aggregate, based on the electroabsorption spectra. The change in molecular polarizability following emission has also been determined in both compounds, based on the electrofluorescence spectra. TMSPy exhibits two excimer fluorescence emissions at high concentrations which are ascribed to the partially overlapping excimer and the sandwich-type excimer, respectively, besides the monomer fluorescence emitted from the locally excited state. The sandwich-type excimer fluorescence as well as monomer fluorescence is quenched by an electric field, whereas the fluorescence of the partially overlapping excimer is enhanced by an electric field. Excimer fluorescence Of TMS(E)Py, which arises from the sandwich-type excimer, is quenched by an electric field at any temperature. Only one species of the partially overlapping excimer is confirmed in TMSPy, while no partially overlapping excimer is confirmed in TMS(E)Py.
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