Tin-compounds were doped into YBa2Cu3O 7 δ (YBCO) films as pinning centers to enhance Jc in magnetic fields. YBCO films were grown by a metal organic deposition process using tri-fluoroacetates starting solutions. Tin-acetylacetonate salts were then dissolved into the starting solution as pinning centers. Jc of the YBCO films with tin-acetylacetonates were enhanced in all magnetic field angles. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and TEM-EDS (Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy) observations revealed the existence of tin-compound particles with the size of about 30 nm in the YBCO film. These nano particles were distributed randomly in the film and were considered to act as 3-dimentional pinning centers.
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