Thirty-two male Holstein calves were used to investigate the effects of nutritional conditions around weaning and aging on carbonic anhydrase (CA) activity in the parotid gland and epithelium from the rumen and abomasum. We fed calf starter and lucerne hay as well as milk replacer (group N) or fed milk replacer either with (group S) or without (group M) administration of short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) through polypropylene tubing into the forestomach until 13 weeks of age. The diets were fed at 1000 hours and 1600 hours, and SCFA were administrated after milk replacer feeding at 1600 hours. Slaughter and tissue sampling were carried out between 1300 hours and 1430 hours at 1, 3, 7, 13, and 18 weeks of age. Tissue samples from five adult (1.5-2.0 years-old) Holstein steers were obtained from a local abattoir. In group N, CA activity in the parotid gland gradually and significantly increased toward the adult value, whilst in the epithelium from the rumen and abomasum, adult values were reached at 3 and 7 weeks of age, respectively. At 13 weeks, the activity for group N was significantly higher than that for the other two groups in the parotid gland, but there was no significant difference in the epithelium from the rumen and abomasum. The concentration of the carbonic isozyme VI in the parotid gland also changed with age but, in contrast to CA activity, had not reached adult levels by 13 weeks of age. In groups M and S, parotid saliva did not show any change toward an alkaline pH or toward a reciprocal change in the concentrations between Cl-and HCO3-, even at 13 weeks of age. From these results we conclude that a concentrate-hay based diet around weaning has a crucial role in CA development in the parotid gland, but not in the epithelium of the rumen and abomasum.
|ジャーナル||Journal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2002 12 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Animal Science and Zoology