The reversibility of cesium adsorption in contaminated soil is largely dependent on its interaction with micaceous minerals, which may be greatly influenced by various cations. Herein, we systematically investigated the effects of NH4+, K+, Mg2+, and Ca2+ on the adsorption/desorption of Cs+ into different binding sites of vermiculitized biotite (VB). Original VB was initially saturated by NH4+, K+, or Mg2+ we then evaluated the adsorption of Cs+ on three treated VBs, and the desorption by extraction with NH4+, K+, Mg2+, or Ca2+ was further evaluated. Our structural analysis and Cs+ extractability determinations showed that NH4+ and K+ both collapsed the interlayers of VB, resulting in the dominant adsorption of Cs+ to external surface sites on which Cs+ was readily extracted by NH4+, K+, Mg2+, or Ca2+ irrespective of their species, whereas Mg2+ maintained the VB with expanded interlayers, leading to the overwhelming adsorption of Cs+ in collapsed interlayer sites on which the Cs+ desorption was difficult and varied significantly by the cations used in extraction. The order of Cs+ extraction ability from the collapsed interlayers was K+ ≫ Mg2+ ≈ Ca2+ ≫ NH4+. These results could provide important insights into Cs migration in soil and its decontamination for soil remediation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Chemistry