It is well known that acute bouts of aerobic exercise are sufficient to improve the psychological state. One possible mechanism of its effect is the mastery hypothesis which suggests that command of a challenging pursuit inculcates a sense of independence and success. To evaluate mastery hypothesis, we compared the change of mood following two types of acute aerobic exercise, learning some movements of hip-hop dance and simple walking. Experiments were conducted in both normal subjects and schizophrenic patients. Nine sedentary male university students (normal group) and 7 schizophrenic patients (4 men and 3 women), under day-care treatment (patient group), participated in this study. Each subject performed 30 min of hip-hop dance, walking or waiting control on separate days. Mood was measured before (pre), 10 min after (post 10′) and 30 min after (post 30′) each trial by self-reported questionnaire (MCL-S.2). Mean % maximal heart rate during the two exercises was almost the same in both groups. In the normal group, both hip-hop dance and walking increased pleasure compared with the control condition; however, there were no statistical differences in mood alterations between the two exercises. In the patient group, hip-hop dance increased pleasure compared with the control condition. Although there were no statistical differences in mood alteration between hip-hop dance and walking, walking did not significantly increase pleasure compared with the control condition. This study could not support the mastery hypothesis; however, acute aerobic exercise improved the mood, not only of normal subjects but also schizophrenic patients.
|ジャーナル||Bulletin of the Physical Fitness Research Institute|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2007 4 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Physiology (medical)