Titanium alloy Ti6Al4V manufactured by additive manufacturing (AM) is an attractive material, but the fatigue strength of AM Ti6Al4V is remarkably weak. Thus, post-processing is very important. Shot peening can improve the fatigue strength of metallic materials, and novel peening methods, such as cavitation peening and laser peening, have been developed. In the present paper, to demonstrate an improvement of the fatigue strength of AM Ti6Al4V, Ti6Al4V manufactured by direct metal laser sintering (DMLS) and electron beam melting (EBM) was treated by cavitation peening, laser peening, and shot peening, then tested by a plane bending fatigue test. To clarify the mechanism of the improvement of the fatigue strength of AM Ti6Al4V, the surface roughness, residual stress, and surface hardness were measured, and the surfaces with and without peening were also observed using a scanning electron microscope. It was revealed that the fatigue strength at N = 107 of Ti6Al4V manufactured by DMLS was slightly better than that of Ti6Al4V manufactured by EBM, and the fatigue strength of both the DMLS and EBM specimens was improved by about two times through cavitation peening, compared with the as-built ones. An experimental formula to estimate fatigue strength from the mechanical properties of a surface was proposed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)