Effect of sustained insulin-releasing device made of poly(ethylene glycol) dimethacrylates on retinal function in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

Ayako Hoshi, Nobuhiro Nagai, Reiko Daigaku, Remi Motoyama, Saaya Saijo, Hirokazu Kaji, Toshiaki Abe

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

In this study, we developed a subcutaneous insulin-releasing device consisting of a disk-shaped capsule and drug formulation comprised of poly(ethylene glycol) dimethacrylates, then evaluated its efficacy on retinal function in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. In vitro release studies showed that recombinant human insulin was released with a constant rate for more than 30 days. The device was able to maintain a basal level of blood glucose in diabetic rats for a prolonged period of more than 30 days, simultaneously preventing a decrease in body weight. For assessing the pharmacological effect of the device on retinal function in diabetic rats, electroretinograms were conducted for 12 weeks. The reduction in amplitude and delay in implicit time were attenuated by the device during the initial 4 weeks of application. The increase in gene expression of protein kinase C (PKC)-γ and caspase-3 in the diabetic retina was also attenuated by the device. Immunohistochemistry showed that the increase in glial fibrillary acidic protein expression in the diabetic retina was attenuated by the device. Histological evaluation of subcutaneous tissue around the device showed the biocompatibility of the device. In conclusion, the insulin-releasing device attenuated the reduction of retinal function in STZ-induced diabetic conditions for 4 weeks and the efficacy of the device might be partially related to PKC signaling in the retina. The long-term ability to control the blood glucose level might help to reduce the daily frequency of insulin injections. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

本文言語English
論文番号52
ジャーナルJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine
31
6
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2020 6 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

フィンガープリント 「Effect of sustained insulin-releasing device made of poly(ethylene glycol) dimethacrylates on retinal function in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。

引用スタイル