We have fabricated three types of Mg-Zn-Gd-based alloys containing the icosahedral quasicrystalline phase (I-phase) to investigate how volume fraction of the I-phase and extrusion ratio can have an impact on the microstructure, mechanical properties, and anisotropy of the as-extruded alloys. We find that grains are refined and that the ultimate tensile strength and elongation are improved as either the volume fraction of I-phase or the extrusion ratio is increased, which can be attributed to the secondary phase particle stimulate recrystallization nucleation and restrained grain boundary motion. Moreover, anisotropy is mitigated in all of the alloys as either the I-phase fraction or the extrusion ratio is increased owing to the coeffect of texture weakening and grain refinement as well as to the effect of I-phase on twinning. We also find that with the increase in the amount of the I-phase, the yield strength (YS) is decreased for the alloys extruded at a low ratio owing to the texture weakening, yet it is increased for the alloys extruded at high ratio owing to the strengthening originating from the I-phase and refined grains. The mechanical properties are improved for the alloys extruded at high ratio, which is due to their fine grains and uniform microstructure.
|ジャーナル||Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science|
|出版物ステータス||Published - 2013 6 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Metals and Alloys