The effect of grain growth on the cation exchange between synthesized forsterite aggregates (i. e., dunite) and nickel-rich aqueous fluid was evaluated experimentally at 1. 2 GPa and 1,200°C. The grain boundary (GB) migration caused nickel enrichment in the area swept by the GBs in a fashion similar to that reported for stable isotope exchange in the quartz aggregates. The progress of the grain growth resulted in an increase in the average nickel concentration in the dunites of up to ~80 times that was calculated for a system having stationary GBs. The overall diffusivity of the nickel along the wet GBs and interconnected fluid networks was found to be 6.5 × 10-19-6.7 × 10-18 m3/s, which is 4-5 orders of magnitude higher than the grain boundary diffusivity in the dry dunite. These results show that the grain growth rate is a fundamental factor in the evaluation of the time scale of chemical homogenization in the upper mantle.
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