To examine the effect of cocaine on the brain histamine neuron system, histamine levels and histamine N-methyltransferase activity in the rat brain were measured after the administration of cocaine. Moreover, we examined the effect of L-histidine on cocaine-induced wheel-running behavior. The administration of cocaine (20 mg/kg) increased histamine revels and histamine N-methyltransferase activity in the striatum, nucleus accumbens, and amygdala 1 h later. The pretreatment with L-histidine (350 and 700 mg/kg) inhibited the cocaine (20 mg/kg)-induced increase of wheel-running activity in a dose- dependent manner. These findings suggest that cocaine activates the brain histamine neuron system, which may play the role of inhibiting the cocaine- induced wheel-running behavior.
|ジャーナル||Journal of Neurochemistry|
|出版物ステータス||Published - 1997 8 19|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience