Rationale and Objectives: Computed tomography (CT) plays a crucial role in early assessment of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Marshall and Rotterdam are the mostly used scoring systems, in which CT findings are grouped differently. We sought to determine the scoring system and initial CT findings predicting the death at hospital discharge (early death) in patients with TBI. Materials and Methods: We included 245 consecutive adult patients with mild-to-severe TBI. Their initial CT and status at hospital discharge (dead or alive) were reviewed, and both CT scores were calculated. We examined whether each score was related to early death; compared the two scoring systems' performance in predicting early death, and identified the CT findings that are independent predictors of early death. Results: More deaths occurred among patients with higher Marshall and Rotterdam scores (both P<.05, Mann-Whitney U test). The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUCs) indicated that both scoring systems had similarly good discriminative power in predicting early death (Marshall, AUC=0. 85 vs. Rotterdam, AUC=0.85). Basal cistern absence (odds ratio [OR]=771.5, P<.0001), positive midline shift (OR=56.2, P=.0011), hemorrhagic mass volume≥25mL (OR=12.9, P=.0065), and intraventricular or subarachnoid hemorrhage (OR=3.8, P=.0395) were independent predictors of early death. Conclusions: Both Marshall and Rotterdam scoring systems can be used to predict early death in patients with TBI. The performance of the Marshall score is at least equal to that of the Rotterdam score. Thus, although older, the Marshall score remains useful in predicting patients' prognosis.
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