We study the processes of the electron and hole injection (double injection) into the i-region of graphene-layer and multiple graphene-layer p-i-n structures at the forward bias voltages. The hydrodynamic equations governing the electron and hole transport in graphene coupled with the two-dimensional Poisson equation are employed. Using analytical and numerical solutions of the equations of the model, we calculate the band edge profile, the spatial distributions of the quasi-Fermi energies, carrier density and velocity, and the current-voltage characteristics. In particular, we demonstrated that the electron and hole collisions can strongly affect these distributions. The obtained results can be used for the realization and optimization of graphene-based injection terahertz and infrared lasers.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)