Purpose: This study aimed to develop a deep convolutional neural network (CNN)-based dose distribution conversion approach for the correction of the influence of a magnetic field for online MR-guided adaptive radiotherapy. Methods: Our model is based on DenseNet and consists of two 2D input channels and one 2D output channel. These three types of data comprise dose distributions without a magnetic field (uncorrected), electron density (ED) maps, and dose distributions with a magnetic field. These data were generated as follows: both types of dose distributions were created using 15-field IMRT in the same conditions except for the presence or absence of a magnetic field with the GPU Monte Carlo dose in Monaco version 5.4; ED maps were acquired with planning CT images using a clinical CT-to-ED table at our institution. Data for 50 prostate cancer patients were used; 30 patients were allocated for training, 10 for validation, and 10 for testing using 4-fold cross-validation based on rectum gas volume. The accuracy of the model was evaluated by comparing 2D gamma-indexes against the dose distributions in each irradiation field with a magnetic field (true). Results: The gamma indexes in the body for CNN-corrected uncorrected dose against the true dose were 94.95% ± 4.69% and 63.19% ± 3.63%, respectively. The gamma indexes with 2%/2-mm criteria were improved by 10% in most test cases (99.36%). Conclusions: Our results suggest that the CNN-based approach can be used to correct the dose-distribution influences with a magnetic field in prostate cancer treatment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Physics and Astronomy(all)