We retrospectively compared the outcome after the treatment of giant cell tumours of bone either with curettage alone or with adjuvant cementation. Between 1975 and 2008, 330 patients with a giant cell tumour were treated primarily by intralesional curettage, with 84 (25%) receiving adjuvant bone cement in the cavity. The local recurrence rate for curettage alone was 29.7% (73 of 246) compared with 14.3% (12 of 84) for curettage and cementation (p = 0.001). On multivariate analysis both the stage of disease and use of cement were independent significant factors associated with local recurrence. The use of cement was associated with a higher risk of the subsequent need for joint replacement. In patients without local recurrence, 18.1% (13 of 72) of those with cement needed a subsequent joint replacement compared to 2.3% (4 of 173) of those without cement (p = 0.001). In patients who developed local recurrence, 75.0% (9 of 12) of those with previous cementation required a joint replacement, compared with 45.2% (33 of 73) of those without cement (p = 0.044).
ASJC Scopus subject areas