Sulfur-oxidizing bacterial diversity at the surface of cattle manure was characterized throughout the composting process using a sulfur oxidation gene (soxB) clone library approach. In the mesophilic phase, clones related to the genera Hydrogenophaga and Hydrogenophilus were characteristically detected. In the thermophilic phase, clones related to the genera Hydrogenophaga and Thiohalobacter were predominant. In the cooling phase, the predominant soxB sequences were related to the genus Pseudaminobacter and a new sulfur-oxidizing bacterium belonging to the class Alphaproteobacteria. The present study showed changes in the community composition of sulfur-oxidizing bacteria at the surface of compost throughout the composting process.
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