Direct Synthesis of Organic Carbonates from CO2 and Alcohols Using Heterogeneous Oxide Catalysts

研究成果: Chapter

2 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Very few metal oxides are catalytically active for the direct carbonate synthesis from alcohol and CO2. The direct synthesis of organic carbonates from alcohols and carbon dioxide is a very attractive alternative because of the high atom efficiency, low toxicity and price of the reactants, and simplicity of the operations. Several types of catalysts have been reported for the direct synthesis of organic carbonates, especially dimethyl carbonates (DMCs): homogeneous metal complexes, complexes anchored to supports, and metal oxide catalysts. This chapter reviews the development of the metal oxide catalysts. Pure ceria and ceria-zirconia are frequently used in catalysis. In the case of direct synthesis of organic carbonates, ceria is an effective catalyst, although the acid and base properties can be important. Zirconia is also an active catalyst for the direct synthesis of organic carbonates. In contrast to ceria or ceria-zirconia, zirconia has multiple stable crystalline phases.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルGreen Carbon Dioxide
ホスト出版物のサブタイトルAdvances in CO 2 Utilization
出版社Wiley-Blackwell
ページ119-148
ページ数30
9781118590881
ISBN(電子版)9781118831922
ISBN(印刷版)9781118590881
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2014 3 10

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 工学(全般)
  • 化学工学(全般)

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