Dilated capillaries, disorganized collagen fibers and differential gene expression in periodontal ligaments of hypomorphic fibrillin-1 mice

Ganjargal Ganburged, Naoto Suda, Masahiro Saito, Yosuke Yamazaki, Keitaro Isokawa, Keiji Moriyama

研究成果: Article査読

14 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The periodontal ligaments (PDLs) are soft connective tissue between the cementum covering the tooth root surface and alveolar bone. PDLs are composed of collagen and elastic system fibers, blood vessels, nerves, and various types of cells. Elastic system fibers are generally formed by elastin and microfibrils, but PDLs are mainly composed of the latter. Compared with the wellknown function of collagen fibers to support teeth, little is known about the role of elastic system fibers in PDLs. To clarify their role, we examined PDLs of mice underexpressing fibrillin-1 (mgR mice), which is one of the major microfibrillar proteins. The PDLs of homozygous mgR mice showed one-quarter of the elastic system fibers of wild-type (WT) mice. A close association between the elastic system fibers and the capillaries was noted in WT, homozygous and heterozygous mgR mice. Interestingly, capillaries in PDLs of homozygous mice were dilated or enlarged compared with those of WT mice. A comparable level of type I collagen, which is the major collagen in PDLs, was expressed in PDL-cells of mice with three genotypes. However, multi-oriented collagen fiber bundles with a thinner appearance were noted in homozygous mice, whereas well-organized collagen fiber bundles were seen in WT mice. Moreover, there was a marked decrease in periostin expression, which is known to regulate the fibrillogenesis and crosslinking of collagen. These observations suggest that the microfibrillar protein, fibrillin-1, is indispensable for normal tissue architecture and gene expression of PDLs.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)381-395
ページ数15
ジャーナルCell and Tissue Research
341
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2010 9月
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 病理学および法医学
  • 組織学
  • 細胞生物学

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